444
WTNT41 KNHC 172054
TCDAT1

Potential Tropical Cyclone One Discussion Number 1
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL AL012024
400 PM CDT Mon Jun 17 2024

Satellite, surface, and aircraft data show that the center of the large low pressure area is over the Bay of Campeche with a central pressure near 1001 millibar.
The system currently does not have the structure of a tropical cyclone, as the associated convection is poorly organized and the maximum winds are located about 200-250 nautical miles northeast of the center.
The various global models forecast this band of stronger winds to start moving onto the western Gulf coast on Wednesday, and a Tropical Storm Watch is required at this time.
Thus, advisories are being initiated on Potential Tropical Cyclone One.

The initial motion is 345/6.
This general motion should continue for the next 24 hours or so, although there could be some erratic motion due to center reformation.
After that, the cyclone is expected to turn west-northwestward and westward on the south side of a mid-to upper-level ridge over the northern Gulf coast.
This should steer the system into northeastern Mexico between 48-72 hours.
While there are differences in details due to the disorganized nature of the system, the track guidance is in good agreement on this general scenario.

The global models suggest that some deepening of the central pressure could occur, although none of them currently forecast the system to tighten up into a classic tropical cyclone.
Based on that, the intensity forecast calls for only modest strengthening.
There is a chance than a small-scale vorticity center inside the large cyclonic envelope may develop enough convection to form a tighter wind core as suggested by the GFS, and based on this possibility the forecast has the system becoming a tropical storm in about 36 hours.
However, there is a chance the system will never become a tropical cyclone.

Key Messages:
1. Users are reminded to not focus on the exact forecast track of this system.
The disturbance is very large with rainfall, coastal flooding, and wind impacts likely to occur far from the center along the coasts of Texas and northeastern Mexico.

2. Rainfall associated with Potential Tropical Cyclone One will impact large regions of Central America, northeastern Mexico and southeastern Texas.
This rainfall will likely produce considerable flash and urban flooding along with new and renewed river flooding.
Mudslides are also possible in areas of higher terrain across Central America into Northeast Mexico.

3. Moderate coastal flooding is likely along much of the Texas Coast beginning early Tuesday and continuing through midweek.

4. Tropical storm conditions are possible beginning Wednesday over portions of northeastern Mexico and the Texas coast south of Port O’Connor, where a Tropical Storm Watch has been issued.

FORECAST POSITIONS AND MAX WINDS

INIT 17/2100Z 20.3N 93.2W 35 KT 40 MPH…POTENTIAL TROP CYCLONE
12H 18/0600Z 21.1N 93.4W 35 KT 40 MPH…POTENTIAL TROP CYCLONE
24H 18/1800Z 22.2N 93.8W 35 KT 40 MPH…POTENTIAL TROP CYCLONE
36H 19/0600Z 22.9N 95.0W 35 KT 40 MPH…TROPICAL CYCLONE
48H 19/1800Z 23.4N 96.4W 40 KT 45 MPH…TROPICAL CYCLONE
60H 20/0600Z 23.8N 97.7W 40 KT 45 MPH…TROPICAL CYCLONE
72H 20/1800Z 24.0N 98.9W 30 KT 35 MPH…INLAND
96H 21/1800Z 24.0N 101.4W 20 KT 25 MPH…INLAND
120H 22/1800Z…DISSIPATED

$$
Forecaster Beven

 

Originally Posted at:
NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER and CENTRAL PACIFIC HURRICANE CENTER
At The NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION

By NHC